Sermon Study Guides

The Lion-hearted Lamb

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ReaD 2 Corinthians 13

Introduction: This week we are wrapping up our series in 2 Corinthians. This letter is very personal in nature and challenging. Imagine what it must have been like for Paul. He started and served at this church for 18 months (Acts 18:11). He was like a spiritual father to this congregation (1 Cor. 4:15, 2 Cor. 12:14). Now this church began to question his credentials of being an Apostle, which in turn created questions about the gospel he preached.  

After Paul left to start more churches, new men came to Corinth. These so-called “Super Apostles” (2 Cor. 11:5) were more impressive in their speech and called into question Paul’s qualifications. These “Super Apostles” were preaching a different gospel. Additionally, there were reports of infighting. Fearing that they could be led astray, Paul pens this letter to call them back to the gospel.

Weakness and power are two major themes throughout the letter. Part of the reason Paul’s credentials were being questioned is that Paul appeared weak. Paul was experiencing imprisonments, beatings, shipwrecks, and all kinds of calamities (2 Cor. 11:23-27). It appears that the church was beginning to believe Paul must not be an Apostle. After all, wouldn’t God be blessing an Apostle and protecting him from all these hardships? Paul challenged these ideas. Furthermore he boasts of his weaknesses.

But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may rest upon me. For the sake of Christ, then, I am content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities. For when I am weak, then I am strong. (2 Corinthians 12:9-11)

At the end of the letter Paul again draws attention to our weakness and need for Christ and his strength. He calls upon them to examine their own hearts  (2 Corinthians 13:5). Are they living as though Christ is in them?

Reflection: Take personal inventory of your life, heart, and spiritual journey. Use these prompts as a way to prepare for group discussions or for personal times of prayer.

1. The church of Corinth was questioning Paul and his message. Why do you think it is so easy for us to notice flaws in others?

2. When someone questions you, how do you feel? What do you want  to do? What makes it difficult to respond with grace?


1. What about this week’s sermon stood out or impacted you the most? Do you have any follow-up questions about the sermon?

2. Pastor Jonathan discussed the pattern of the gospel. He pointed out that Jesus and the Apostle Paul displayed both strength and weakness, often at the same time. God tells Paul, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” What do you think that means?

3. Why do you think people hide their weaknesses? What would it look like if our community began to accept our individual weaknesses and turned to Christ for grace?

4. Missional Living: Our culture tends to elevate their strengths and hide their weaknesses. When we live like this, people are kept at a distance. It becomes hard for people to be truly known. Learning to accept our weaknesses and others takes great humility and care, for we are all broken and in need of Savior. When we lay aside the false veneer of strength, we become approachable and more able to share how Christ’s grace is sufficient for us.

Apply: In 2 Corinthians 13:5, Paul implores the church to “Examine yourselves, to see whether you are in the faith. Test yourselves.”  In our fast-paced world we often don’t slow down enough to reflect on our lives. Take some time to reflect – Does my life look like Christ is in me? What does that even look like? How am I inviting Christ to search my heart and lead me?

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Posted by Dave Friese with

The End of the Joseph Story

ReaD Genesis 50:15-21

Introduction: After the emotional reunion between Joseph and his brothers in chapters 42-45, Joseph is tearfully reunited with his father Jacob in Genesis 46. Jacob, all his sons, and their entire families are invited to live under Joseph’s care in the land of Egypt – and while pain was part of their past, the narrator seems to indicate that peace and harmony mark their remaining years in Egypt. However, near the end of Genesis 49 we read of the death of Jacob, his burial in the land of Canaan, and the 70 days of mourning that accompany his death.

As the family returns to life in Egypt after burying their father, Joseph’s brothers begin to worry and whisper amongst themselves: “Now that father is gone, what if Joseph didn’t really forgive us? What if Joseph has nursed a patient vendetta and he’s prepared to pay us back for the pain we inflicted in his youth?” Worried that their lives might be in jeopardy, the brothers have a message delivered to Joseph, written as if it were from their father Jacob: “Please forgive your brothers and the evil they committed against you.” The brothers follow up with a personal display of contrition and repentance when they fall down at Joseph’s feet and declare their allegiance and willingness to serve him. In many ways, Joseph’s reply to his brothers is a gracious crescendo to the entire book of Genesis: “Do not fear, for am I in the place of God? As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.

There’s both tremendous peace-of-mind and tremendous tension packed within this statement. Evil intentions and actions are still perpetrated in this world. Sinful choices often lead to broken hearts and broken lives. And yet, somehow in God’s gracious providence, he’s able to use sin, evil, and brokenness in ways that defy our ability to even conceive or rationalize. Joseph has the clarity of mind and heart to look back at the brokenness of his family narrative and notice God’s distinct fingerprints on each page. Through the eyes of faith, Joseph can see that God was completely in charge and completely in control even when that reality was unbenounced to everyone else in the story. Does this mean that everything we experience in the here and now will one day be re-arranged and re-worked for our good? The answer is both yes and no. Yes, as Tolkien wrote, one day “everything sad will come untrue.” But that day may in fact be in the life to come, a life that is secured by the events of the cross and resurrection – events that men certainly intended for evil – events that God resoundingly and victoriously intended for our good “so that many people should be kept alive.” The cross tells us that everything, in God’s timing, will in fact experience healing and restoration. And while we wait for that day with great longing, we’re accompanied and reassured by a God who has suffered too.

Reflection: Take personal inventory of your life, heart, and spiritual journey. Use these prompts as a way to prepare for group discussions or for personal times of prayer.

1. What causes you to doubt, wonder, or worry that God might not be trustworthy? Take a moment to pray those things toward God.

2. What causes you to be reassured that God is in fact good and trustworthy? Take a moment pray those things toward God.


1. What about the sermon stood out or impacted you the most? Do you have any follow-up questions about the sermon?

2. Re-read Genesis 50:15-19. You’ll notice that the brothers begin to doubt that Joseph’s forgiveness was genuine. Their fears, however, were groundless. Instead of plotting to kill them, Joseph actually wept over their lack of trust. We often relate to God in the same way. He’s promised forgiveness and love but we act as if he’s ready to take it away and punish us at any point. Does this resonate with how you might relate to God? Discuss this theme together.

3. Notice that in verse 20, Joseph doesn’t downplay his brothers actions. He doesn’t pretend as if evil hasn’t been done. He clearly calls them to task, “You meant evil against me.” Yet Joseph was able to re-express his forgiveness toward his brothers. Principally, forgiveness deals head on with wrongs committed against us. It looks pain in the eye and offers restitution. Forgiveness offers to absorb or “pay for” the wrongs committed against us. Discuss these and other dynamics of forgiveness.

4. Missional Living: All of us, Christians and non-Christians alike, have to reckon with pain and suffering. Whether within our worldview we chalk things up to karma, luck, or even fate, we all have to make sense of pain. As Christians, we don’t believe in fate, luck, or karma but instead we trust in God’s grace. Grace doesn’t mean bad things won’t happen in our lives. But it does mean that suffering is no longer a direct punishment for our sin. Discuss how grace informs our understanding and experience of suffering.

ApplyTake personal inventory. Is your theology, your belief in God, grounded in personal experience / circumstances or in what’s been revealed in the Bible? It’s not as if experience doesn’t matter to our belief. But experience must submit itself to what’s been revealed to us by God through his Word. It’s all too easy to think, “My life is hard, God must not care,” when what’s been revealed to us in the Bible is, “God cares deeply; he sent his most beloved Son for you.” This exercise may extend past your CG time – so be sure to revisit this question when you get back together.

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